Distinguishing the Job Market Across Aerospace and Aviation: A Natural Language Processing Approach

Main Article Content

Austin T. Walden


This study dives into the intricate landscape of the aerospace and aviation job market. While these two markets are often conflated as being similar, if not the same, we propose that the differences are important to recent graduates of educational institutions and career programs. The research utilized a custom-written Natural Language Processing (NLP) software tool to distinguish the differences in 6,000 job offerings between the two industries with the hope of illuminating nuances to those in positions involved in placing professionals into careers. This research not only reveals the dynamic employment landscape of aerospace and aviation but also highlights the power of NLP in more clearly discerning emerging trends in job data.

Article Details

Peer-Reviewed Articles


Aghion, P., Antonin, C., Bunel, S., & Jaravel, X. (2022). Modern manufacturing capital, labor demand, and product market dynamics: Evidence from France.

Anderson, D., Graham, I., & Williams, B. (2015). Flight and Motion: The History and Science of Flying. Routledge.

Bedialauneta, P., Gil, A., Carrillo, M., Garaizar, S., Burgos, L., Lázaro, D., Llorente, S., & Arias, P. L. (2020). BiSKY Team an aerospace-focused interdisciplinary student project. 3rd Symposium on Space Educational Activities, April 16-18, 2019, Leicester, United Kingdom.

Bidaisee, S. (2021). COVID-19 and Aviation. Journal of Infectious Diseases & Case Reports. SRC/JIDSCR-156. DOI: https://doi. org/10.47363/JIDSCR/2021 (2), 141, 2-6.

Brazen (2015, January 26). Here’s how long it really takes employers to fill open positions. https://www.brazen.com/blog/archive/job-search/heres-long-really-takes-employers-fill-open-positions

Caraway, C. L. (2020). A Looming Pilot Shortage: It is Time to Revisit Regulations. International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace, 7(2), 3.

Chang, E. Y. W. (2020). From aviation tourism to suborbital space tourism: A study on passenger screening and business opportunities. Acta Astronautica, 177, 410-420.

Crouch, V. (2020). Analysis of the Airline Pilot Shortage. Scientia et Humanitas, 10, 93-106.

Dancy, C. (2017). Top U.S. Metros for Aerospace Employment and Manufacturing. Site Selection Magazine. URL: https://siteselection.com/issues/2017/jul/top-us-metros-for-aerospace-employment-and-manufacturing.cfm

Dreisbach, C., Koleck, T. A., Bourne, P. E., & Bakken, S. (2019). A systematic review of natural language processing and text mining of symptoms from electronic patient-authored text data. International journal of medical informatics, 125, 37-46.

Eberts, Randall W. "Improving the US Workforce System by Transforming its Performance Measurement System into an Intelligent Information System." Economic Development Quarterly 37, no. 1 (2023): 20-26.

Fidelity Investments. (2022, February 15). Fidelity Research. Sectors in Market; Industrials ‘Sectors’: Aerospace & Defense, Air Freight & Logistics, and Passenger Airlines. https://digital.fidelity.com/prgw/digital/research/sector/detail/industrials

Figueroa, R. L., Zeng-Treitler, Q., Kandula, S., & Ngo, L. H. (2012). Predicting sample size required for classification performance. BMC medical informatics and decision making, 12(1), 1-10.

Glaser, B. G., & Strauss, A. L. (2017). Discovery of grounded theory: Strategies for qualitative research. Routledge.

Guo, F., Gallagher, C. M., Sun, T., Tavoosi, S., & Min, H. (2021). Smarter people analytics with organizational text data: Demonstrations using classic and advanced NLP models. Human Resource Management Journal, 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1111/1748-8583.12426

Jones, H. (2018). The recent large reduction in space launch cost. 48th International Conference on Environmental Systems.


Lappas, I., & Kourousis, K. I. (2016). Anticipating the need for new skills for the future aerospace and aviation professionals. Journal of Aerospace Technology and Management, 8, 232-241.

Lutte, B. (2018). Pilot supply at the regional airlines: Airline response to the changing environment and the impact on pilot hiring. Journal of Aviation/Aerospace Education & Research, 27(1), 1-22.

Nelson, L. K. (2020). Computational grounded theory: A methodological framework. Sociological Methods & Research, 49(1), 3-42.

Platzer, M. D. (2009, December). US Aerospace Manufacturing: An Industry Overview and Prospects. (CRS report No. R40967). https://sgp.fas.org/crs/misc/R40967.pdf

Reiche, C., Cohen, A. P., & Fernando, C. (2021). An Initial Assessment of the Potential Weather Barriers of Urban Air Mobility. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems.

Rochon, K. (2011). Aerospace and Aviation Workforce Strategy. Applied Policy Research Institute. Center for Urban and Public Affairs, Wright State University.

Schuster, D., & Wu, S. (2018, September). Toward cyber workforce development: An exploratory survey of information security professionals. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (Vol. 62, No. 1, pp. 1242-1246). Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Publications

Schumann, C., Foster, J., Mattei, N., & Dickerson, J. (2020, May). We need fairness and explainability in algorithmic hiring. In International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems (AAMAS).

Scurati, G. W., Nylander, J. W., Hallstedt, S. I., Ferrise, F., & Bertoni, M. (2020, May). Raising Value and Sustainability Awareness for Critical Materials: a Serious Game for the Aerospace Sector. Proceedings of the Design Society (Vol. 1, pp. 737-746). Cambridge University Press.

Shi, H., Livescu, K., & Gimpel, K. (2021). Substructure Substitution: Structured Data Augmentation for NLP. arXiv preprint arXiv:2101.00411.

Sirieys, E. (2022). Environmental Impact of Space Launches and Societal Response [Doctoral dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology]. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.

Solow, R. (1964). Capital, labor, and income in manufacturing. In The behavior of income shares: Selected theoretical and empirical issues (pp. 101-142). Princeton University Press.

Suthagar, S., Gopalakrishnan, K., Kumaran, T., & Kumar, P. (2022). Role of Altitude in the Design of Aerospace Vehicles. In Handbook of Research on Aspects and Applications of Incompressible and Compressible Aerodynamics (pp. 1-25). IGI Global.

Tewari, A. (2011). Advanced control of aircraft, spacecraft and rockets. John Wiley & Sons. (Vol. 37).

Torenbeek, E., & Wittenberg, H. (2009). Introduction to Atmospheric Flight. Flight Physics: Essentials of Aeronautical Disciplines and Technology, with Historical Notes, 47-85.

Vasigh, B., & Gorjidooz, J. (2016). Engineering economics for aviation and aerospace. Routledge.

Vinh, N. X. (1993). Flight mechanics of high-performance aircraft (Vol. 4). Cambridge University Press.

Wang, X. (2020). Exploring automated methods for supporting worker re-skilling (Doctoral dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology).

Yazici, A. M., & Tiwari, S. (2021). Space Tourism: An Initiative Pushing Limits. Journal of Tourism Leisure and Hospitality, 3(1), 38-46.