Main Article Content
Despite the increased awareness of gender and race equality movements, today's population of minority women in aviation is still underrepresented. This research focused on underrepresented minority women who want to pursue a career in the aviation field and what factors affect their level of success in a specialized aviation higher education institution. There is not enough data and research surrounding the topic of minority women in aviation and their paths to success in these institutions. This qualitative research aimed to bridge the existing gap in the literature related to minority women in aviation and their needs and wants to complete a four-year degree. The research objective was to raise awareness for equality of race and gender in aviation higher education institutions and explore the needs and wants that could lead to academic success for minority women. The qualitative research design brought in six students who identify as a minority woman defined by conditions set upon by the researchers, and they were asked a list of questions in a semi-structured interview format. The qualitative data collected from in-depth interviews helped identify significant aspects and patterns that minority women in aviation recognize as needs and wants that could lead to academic success. Open communication, friendship and community, and positive faculty support were identified as the perceived needs and wants of minority female students in aviation. These findings can be used to better serve underrepresented students in an aviation specialized higher education institution. In conclusion, the findings can be used to bring awareness on an issue that is not widely studied or discussed in educational aviation institutions.
Aljohani, O. (2016). A Comprehensive Review of the Major Studies and Theoretical Models of Student Retention in Higher Education. Higher Education Studies, 6(2).
Anti-Defamation League (n.d.). Civil Rights Movement. ADL: Fighting Hate for Good. https://www.adl.org/education/resources/backgrounders/civil-rights-movement
Bancroft, S. F. (2018). Toward a critical theory of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics doctoral persistence: Critical capital theory. Science Education, 102(6), 1319-1335.
Bednarek, J. D., & Bednarek, M. H. (2003). Dreams of flight: General aviation in the United States. Texas A&M University Press
Bean, J. P. (1980). Dropouts and turnover. The synthesis and test of causal model of student attrition. Research in Higher Education, 12(2), 155-187.
Bean, J. P., & Metzner, B. S. (1985). A conceptual model of nontraditional undergraduate student attrition. Review of Educational Research, 55(4), 485-540.
Bell, D. A. (1995). Who's Afraid of Critical Race Theory?, University of Illinois Law Review, 893–910.
Crenshaw, K., Neil, G., Gary, P., and Kendall, T. (1995). Critical Race Theory: The Key Writings that Formed the Movement. The New Press.
Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2018). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (5th ed.). Sage.
Creswell, J. W., & Poth, C. N. (2018). Qualitative inquiry & research design: Choosing among five approaches (Fourth ed.). Sage.
Gaskill, D. (n.d.). Is affirmative action fair? Ethics and social problems in current society. https://www.csus.edu/indiv/g/gaskilld/socialissues14/affirmative%20action.htm
Hurtado, S., & Ruiz Alvarado, A. (2015). Discrimination and bias, underrepresentation, and sense of belonging on campus. Higher Education Research Institute. https://www.heri.ucla.edu/PDFs/Discriminination-and-Bias-Underrepresentation-and- Sense-of-Belonging-on-Campus.pdf
Ison, D. C., Herron, R., & Weiland, L. (2016). Two decades of progress for minorities in aviation. Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering, 6(1), 25-33.
Luedtke, J. R. (1994). Analysis and results of national study on women in collegiate aviation. Journal of Aviation/Aerospace Education & Research, 5(1).
Luedtke, J. R. (2011). History of women: Women's contribution to aviation [White paper]. Forum on Public Policy. https://forumonpublicpolicy.com/vol2011no3/archive/luedtke.pdf
Mannan, A. (2007). Student attrition and academic and social integration. Higher Education, 53(2), 147-165. doi:10.1007/s10734-005-2496-y
McCabe, J. M. (2016). Connecting in college: How friendship networks matter for academic and social success. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
McCarthy, F., Budd, L., & Ison, S. (2015). Gender on the flightdeck: Experiences of women commercial airline pilots in the UK. Journal of Air Transport Management, 47, 32-38.
Meyer, M., Cimpian, A., & Leslie, S. J. (2015). Women are underrepresented in fields where success is believed to require brilliance. Frontiers in Psychology, 6. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00235
Moustakas, C. (1994). Phenomenological research methods. Sage
National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCES). (2017). Women, minorities, and persons with disabilities in science and engineering. https://www.nsf.gov/statistics/wmpd
Omi, M., & Howard, W. (1994). Racial formation in the United States: From the 1960s to the 1990s (2nd ed.). Routledge
Ong, M., Smith, J. M., & Ko, L. T. (2018). Counterspaces for women of color in STEM higher education: Marginal and central spaces for persistence and success. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 55(2), 206-245.
Pawley, A. L. (2019). Learning from small numbers: Studying ruling relations that gender and race the structure of U.S. engineering education. Journal of Engineering Education, 108 (1), 13-31.
Rask, K. (2010). Attrition in STEM fields at a liberal arts college: The importance of grades and pre-collegiate preferences. Economics of Education Review, 29(6), 892-900.
Spady, W. G. (1971). Dropouts from higher education” An interdisciplinary review and synthesis. Interchange, 1(1), 64-85.
Tinto, V. (1075). Dropout from higher education: A theoretical synthesis of recent research. Review of Educational Research (45), 9-125.
United Nations (n.d.) Human rights. Peace, Dignity and equality on a healthy planet. https://www.un.org/en/sections/issues-depth/human-rights/
Vaughan, D. K. (2016). The world war II training experiences of the Tuskegee airman at Oscada army airfield. Air Power History, 63(4), 25-40.
Webb, O. J., & Cotton, D. R. E. (2018). Early withdrawal from higher education: A focus on academic experiences. Teaching in Higher Education, 23(7), 835-852. doi:10.1080/13562517.2018.1437130