Main Article Content
The purpose of this study was to assess the attitudinal data of commercial pilots on the possible implementation of controlled rest in position (CRIP). Prior research indicated that pilot napping could be beneficial to reduce fatigue. While CRIP has been implemented by some international regulatory agencies, it remains prohibited in the United States. Through a qualitative methodology and a phenomenological approach, 30 commercial pilots from the United States presented their thoughts on an open-ended research instrument as to the possible advantages, disadvantages, and implementation aspects of CRIP. The findings indicated that 70% of participants were in favor of CRIP implementation. However, participants expressed concerns over ensuring that proper CRIP policies and procedures were implemented to ensure safety was not compromised.
Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179–211.
Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (1980). Understanding attitudes and predicting social behavior. Englewood-Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Caldwell, J. A., & Caldwell, J. L. (2005). Fatigue in military aviation: an overview of US military-approved pharmacological countermeasures. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 76(7, Suppl.), C39-C51.
Caldwell, J. A., Mallis, M. M., Caldwell, J. L., Paul, M. A., Miller, J. C., & Neri, D. F. (2009). Fatigue countermeasures in aviation. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 80(1), 29-59.
Federal Register. (2012). Flightcrew member duty and rest requirements. U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Association, Rules and Regulations, 7(2), 330-403. Retrieved from: https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-01-04/pdf/2011-33078.pdf
Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief, attitude, intention, and behavior: An introduction to theory and research. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Hartzler, B. M. (2014). Fatigue on the flight deck: the consequences of sleep loss and the benefits of napping. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 62, 309-318.
Jackson, C. A., Earl, L. (2006). Prevalence of fatigue among commercial pilots. Occupational Medicine, 56(4), 263-268.
Lester, S. (1999). An Introduction to Phenomenological Research. Available online at http://www.devmts.demon.co.uk/resmethy.htm
NASA (1994). Crew Factors in Flight Operations IX: Effects of Planned Cockpit Rest on Crew Performance and Alertness in Long- Haul Operations. (NASA Technical Memorandum 108839). Moffett Field, California: Ames Research Center.
Oxford Dictionary. (2017). Definition of fatigue. Retrieved from: https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/fatigue
Rice, S., Winter, S. R., Tamilselvan, G., & Milner, M. N. (2017). Attitudes toward controlled rest in position (CRIP): A gender comparison between pilots and non-pilots. International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace, 4(3), 1-33.
Rosekind, M. R., Smith, R. M., Miller, D. L., Co, E. L., Gregory, K. B., Webbon, L. L., ... & Lebacqz, J. V. (1995). Alertness management: strategic naps in operational settings. Journal of Sleep Research, 4(s2), 62-66.
Signal, T. L., Gander, P. H., van der Berg, M. J., & Graeber, R. C. (2013). In-flight sleep of flight crew during a 7-hour rest break: Implications for research and flight safety. Sleep, 36(1), 106-115.
Takahashi, M. (2003). The role of prescribed napping in sleep medicine. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 7(3), 227-235.
Winter, S. R., Carryl, J., & Rice, S. (2015). Controlled rest in position (CRIP): Consumer perceptions in the United States. Collegiate Aviation Review, 33(1), 14-28.