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The purpose of this study was to analyze the subjective schemata of nursing
unit managers in order to promote our understanding of individuals'
images of nursing as a profession. The study also sought to provide
appropriate strategies for improving the image of nursing based on
perceptions of the profession. The results, based on a Q study of
nursing unit managers at five Korean university hospitals, revealed
three distinct types of images of nursing as a profession: the views of
the Proud, the Self-Conflicted and the Progressive manager. It was found
that these three types could change continuously through interaction
with their environment. Based the findings, the study also suggested
guidelines for constructing a desirable professional nursing image.