Rationale for the Implementation of Low-Volume, High-Intensity Exercise in School Physical Education

Michael Reed, Kay Daigle

Abstract


The widespread prevalence of pedagogic obesity in the U.S. combined with the inverse association between obesity and physical activity emphasizes the need for children to be involved in both physical activity and organized exercise. The inclusion of efficacious exercise programs and activities in physical education programs is essential in reversing this trend. However, public school physical education programs overall have failed to successfully address this issue. Lowvolume, high-intensity exercise protocols such as high-intensity interval training (HIT), supramaximal interval training (SIT), integrated concurrent training (ICT), and the Tabata protocol are reviewed as to their efficacy in weight management, fat mass loss, and increased fat oxidation and metabolic rates. The purpose of this review is to present a research-based rationale for the benefits of low-volume, highintensity anaerobic exercise and to outline several exercise protocols that require very little resources and can be implemented in a regular physical education setting.

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