The Effect of Coaching Styles and Athletes’ Goal: Orientation on Level of Enjoyment in Sport

Tia Bennett, Megan Nelson


The achievement goal theory was the focus of this study. The achievement goal theory states that a person’s motivation is established through the collaboration of three factors: achievement goals, perceived ability, and achievement behavior (Weinberg & Gould, 2007). The theory also proposes that the goal orientations of athletes are affected through the social settings the athletes are subject to, such as the environment created by coaches (Waldron & Krane, 2005). Barić and Bućik (2009) hypothesized that there are at least two types of coaches (autocratic and democratic) and they are each defined by a certain orientation. The purpose of this study was to determine if any relationship exists between a democratic and autocratic coach and if either is more likely to have task or ego oriented athletes who enjoy sport more than another type of athlete. The study will make coaches more aware of what types of athletes enjoy their sport more and what types are more successful.

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